1. The Satyricon by Petronius Arbiter.

    2. Martial's Epigrams.

    3. Ed Champlain "The Glass Ball Game", an article in the German Journal ZPE

    4. "Museria Latina" by Courtney, p321-323

    5. J.P.V.D. Balsdon "Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome".

    6. Justinian, Roman Law, Book 17.1.16 mentions ball courts.

    7. Pliny's Letters Book 2 Ch.17 & Book 5 Ch 6.

    8. Martin S. Smith, Cena Trimalchionis, by Petronius, an analysis of the latin version.

    9. H. A. Treble and K. M. King (1930), Everyday Life in Ancient Rome, Oxford Press.

    10. J. Carcopino (1940), Daily Life in Ancient Rome, Yale University Press.

    11. Adam, A. (1825). Roman Antiquities. London, A. Applegath.

    12. Johnston, H. W. (1903). The Private Life of the Romans. Chicago, Scott, Foresman and Co.

    13. Seneca, Epigram 56.

    14. Janssen, R. M. and J. J. Janssen (1990). Growing Up in Ancient Egypt. Rubicon Press

    15. Newberry, P. M. (1894). Beni Hasan, Archaeological Survey of Egypt, The Egyptian Exploration Fund.

    16. Strouhal, E. (1992). Life of the Ancient Egyptians. University of Oklahoma Press.

    17. Samih, W. (1964) Daily Life in Ancient Egypt. McGraw-Hill.

    18. Posener, G. (1959). Dictionary of Egyptian Civilization. Tudor Publishing, New York.

    19. Gardiner, E. N. (1955). Athletics of the Ancient World. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

    20. McLellan, M. C. (1985). "To Play Properly with a Glass Ball." Expedition 27(2): 41-43.

    21. Miller, S. G. (1979). Arete: Ancient writers, papyri, and inscriptions on the history and ideals of greek athletics and games. Chicago, Ares Publishers, Inc.

    22. Olivova, V. (1984). Sports and Games in the Ancient World. New York, St. Martin's Press.

    23. Scanlon, T. F. (1984). Greek and Roman Athletics: A Bibliography. Chicago, Ares Publishers, Inc.

    24. Swaddling, J. (1999). The Ancient Olympic Games. Austin, University of Texas Press.

    25. Sweet, W. E. (1987). Sport and Recreation in Ancient Greece. New York, Oxford University Press.

    26. White, D. (1985). "Roman Athletics." Expedition 27(2): 30-40.

    27. Anderson, W.B. (1965). Sidonius: Poems and Letters Volume 2, Harvard university Press.